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Foods To Increase Immunity During Pregnancy

All to-be mothers are always seeking foods to increase immunity during pregnancy as they are much healthier than the regular medication or pills. Pregnancy is an extremely delicate phase in a woman’s life as she is contributing from her own body to create a life form inside her. This also implies that in case she is lacking certain nutrients, it would not only bring down her strength and immunity but that of the unborn child as well. Hence, it is essential to concentrate and device a healthy eating plan with foods to boost immunity in pregnancy. 8 Foods To Eat During Pregnancy To Make A Baby Smart Given the morning sickness and taste malfunctions during pregnancy, it is essential to have a few buffer ingredients in the kitty before chalking out a plan. The plan should suit your taste as well as the body’s need for certain essential elements important for immunity and health. There is a long list of foods for health but, below enlisted is a catalog of Foods to increase immunity during pregnancy.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is powerful anti-oxidants that are absorbed by the body in the form of beta-carotene, essential to fight minor infections and possibility of birth defects in your baby. Foods to boost immunity in pregnancy can never be complete without a particular reference of the vitamin A that also monitors and supports the growth of foetus. Some of the most important foods rich in Vitamin A are carrots, mangoes, sweet potatoes and almonds. In old folk tales, almonds were given out the most essential ingredient or foods to increase immunity during pregnancy. Even today, they are considered to be the healthiest nutrient to boost immunity because of gifted content of riboflavin, manganese and copper.
Vitamin D Vitamin D is extremely essential in fighting off the cold and flu and can be continued through the breast feeding phase. However, during winters, sunlight is hard to catch. The foods to increase immunity during pregnancy that contain vitamin D are oily fish, eggs, multi vitamin cereals, zinc. Zinc The next on the list is Zinc for its post delivery benefits and repair, reproduction and functioning of DNA. Some of the foods rich in zinc are dairy products, shell fish, nuts.

Read More: Foods To Increase Immunity During Pregnancy

Source: boldsky.com

Make no mistake about this

Not just the elderly, but youngsters also lose bone density and, therefore, a healthy lifestyle is very important, say experts

Did you know that as we grow old, our bones tend to lose mass or density?

This is more true and common among women, especially those who have crossed 45 years (post-menopause) when bones start to lose the essential calcium and other minerals. Doctors usually co-relate the decrease in bone density to frequent fractures among the elderly in the event of a minor slip or a fall.

So, is there a mantra to keep bones healthy? Is taking calcium supplements enough to keep our bones strong? Or maintenance of healthy bones goes beyond just taking nutritional supplements?

“It’s not just calcium supplements, one has to concentrate on the big picture and take a holistic look at modern lifestyle. Proteins, Vitamin C and D and even minerals play a vital role in maintaining healthy bones. Leave alone the elderly, even the young seldom take a balanced diet these days. A healthy active lifestyle too is very important,” says professor, Orthopaedics, OGH, S. Sreenivas Reddy.

Bone specialists, however, agree that there is no denying the role of calcium, which is widely accepted as the building blocks of bone tissue. While calcium is important, equally important is the role of Vitamin D that helps the body absorb calcium, which is required to maintain strong bones.

“The most important source of Vitamin D is sunlight and unfortunately, modern lifestyle has no place for outdoor activity. Especially housewives, who spend a lot of time indoors and do not care to venture out. They are the ideal candidates for osteoporosis or brittle bones. They frequently suffer from wrist fractures and hip joint fractures,” explains professor, orthopaedics, OGH, G.V.S. Murthy.

Apart from calcium and Vitamin D intake, doctors do suggest an active lifestyle for healthy and strong bones. Physicians agree that a well balanced exercise programme that also includes a lot of muscle-strengthening and conditioning does go a long way in formation of strong bones for a lifetime.

“Even basic exercise like cycling is good for patients suffering from arthritis and osteoporosis. It is low on energy demand and can easily be done by even patients who have undergone joint replacements. Building strong bones through lifetime will enable one to live life independently at a later stage,” explains Joint Replacement Surgeon, Apollo Hospitals, Secunderabad, Aachi Mithin.

Senior orthopaedic doctors also point out that poor health of the bones has a huge impact on work and performance of individuals and add to the disease burden later in life.

Read More: Make no mistake about this

Source: Thehindu.com

IMA trains Jamshedpur doctors to raise awareness about Vitamin D deficiency

The Indian Medical Association (IMA) organized a CME in Jamshedpur to discuss the various health threats faced by the Indian population due to Vitamin D deficiency.

A hidden ailment, Vitamin D deficiency can have a serious long-term impact on a person’s health making them vulnerable to diseases such as heart attacks, diabetes, and cancer.

The CME was an initiative under IMA’s Rise and Shine campaign and was attended by over 100 leading doctors in the city.

There are two forms of Vitamin D, Vitamin D3, which is synthesized in the body through the ultraviolet rays of the sun, and Vitamin D2, which is produced by the irradiation of ergosterol.

The major source of Vitamin D in humans is sunlight (95%), and the remaining amounts are derived from dietary sources.

Addressing the issue at the CME, Dr. Satish Kumar Prasad, Senior Specialist and Unit Head, Medicine, Tata Main Hospital, Jamshedpur said, “There is abundance of sunshine in the country, but still around 80% to 90% of people from all walks of life suffer from Vitamin D deficiency.

The reason for this is the sun-shy behavior of Indians, a predominantly vegetarian diet and a genetic pre-disposition.

The deficiency mostly goes undetected due to the vagueness of its symptoms. Thirty minutes of exposing the skin of the face and arms (without sunscreen) to sunlight during peak time (10 am to 3 pm) daily is adequate to prevent Vitamin D deficiency.

Adding to this, Dr. A Marthanda Pillai – National President and Dr. KK Aggarwal – Honorary Secretary General of the Indian Medical Association in a joint statement said, “A serious concern for the medical fraternity is that most people in our country are unaware that they are Vitamin D deficient.

Lately, the deficiency of Vitamin D has been identified as a risk factor for various cardiovascular ailments such as ischemic heart diseases, congestive heart failure, heart attacks and strokes”.

The Rise and Shine campaign is a National movement initiated by the Indian Medical Association under an unconditional educational grant from the pharmaceutical company, USV.

It aims at sensitizing IMA’s 2.5 lakh members across 30 states and 1700 branches over the next two years about the need to raise awareness about Vitamin D deficiency.

Read More: IMA trains Jamshedpur doctors to raise awareness about Vitamin D deficiency

Source: Avenuemail.in

How to tackle high vitamin D deficiency

A whopping 85% of Delhiites suffer from Vitamin D deficiency, say doctors. Experts tell us why, and how to tackle this problem.

Delhi people suffer from Vitamin D deficiency – sounds surprising doesn’t it? The city is known for its harsh summers, with the sun shining for more than 12 hours a day. However, the city’s doctors, wellness and fitness experts say that in all likelihood, close to 85% of Delhiites suffer from the deficiency. Experts say that people living in metro cities are severely deficient in Vitamin D, also known as the sunshine vitamin, due to their busy schedules, irregular working hours, and the ‘apartment culture’. why are so many people in the city vitamin d deficient? According to Dr Sushil Sharma, chairman of the Arthritis Foundation of India, apart from genetic issues, the high melanin content in Indians, which does not allow Vitamin D to be easily synthesized in the body, is the primary reason behind why people suffer from the ailment. Apart from this, their extremely globalized lifestyles have taken a toll on people’s health.

“A person who reaches office at 8am and leaves after sunset can never get the optimum amount of exposure to the sun. People get out of their homes, board air-conditioned cars or the Metro, and reach their destination. They are not out in the sun for even five minutes. The kind of lifestyles Delhiites have is the major issue here. Almost 80 to 85% of my patients who are Vitamin D deficient belong to the 25-40 age group,” says Dr Sharma. “The reasons behind almost 90% of Delhi’s population being Vitamin D deficient are globalization and changing lifestyles. I always suggest that parents send their children for outdoor activities and get them to spend at least 30 minutes in the sun. However, most people refuse to leave the comfort of their air-conditioned rooms. So this problem is quite natural. At a young age, most people do not realise the harm they are causing their bodies – they only realise that later on,” says Dr Tapan Jyoti, a bone and skin specialist. The increasing number of people opting to live in flats in the NCR region has also been cited as a major factor leading to Vitamin D deficiency.

“If you go through the narrow lanes of Old Delhi, or the congested areas of East Delhi, you won’t find a single house that receives enough sunshine,” adds Dr Sharma. While he says that 85% of his patients are Vitamin D deficient, Dr Amit Sharma, former head of department of orthopaedics, Dr Hedgewar Hospital, says, “I am shocked when I find a Delhi resident who is not Vitamin D deficient. I consider them exceptional patients. Vitamin D ka level kisi patient mein theek nikle to mujhe ascharya hota hai.” too much sunscreen might be a bad thing too Referring to scientific studies done on the topic, experts also say that a little exposure to the sun – about an hour at the most – without sunscreen lotions might not be harmful enough to ‘give you cancer’, despite popular belief to the contrary. “Yeh jo ladkiyan roz bhaari bhaari sunscreen ke layers lagati hai, this is one of the reasons why Vitamin D does not get synthesized. This is true for many young girls, who, despite being exposed to the sun, suffer from the deficiency.” says Dr Sharma. “Extensive exposure, jaise ki people who sunbathe for hours, carries the risk of skin cancer. But exposure to the sun for an hour or less has few risks,” he adds. “SPF 40/50 ke bina aajkal ladkiyan bahaar nikalti nahi. Sunscreen ki jo zarurat Australia mein hai, waisi zarurat India mein nahi hai. Sunscreen can prevent one or two shades of tanning, nothing else. People also have to be wise with sunscreen products,” says Dr Amit.

When it comes to homemakers, experts say that women who stay at home often do not step out for even an hour during the day. They only go out in the evenings, when the sun has set, to avoid the intense heat of the Delhi summers. too busy or too lazy to get some sun: Delhiites Most city people are completely oblivious to this problem. The hustle and bustle of their daily lives does not give them the time to think about, or deal with, the matter. “I don’t even know whether I’m deficient or not. Who cares? My busy schedule doesn’t allow me to think about all this even if I know that I am deficient. I can’t sit in the sun and waste 30 minutes of my time, I have to earn a living,” says Arijit Bhattacharya, a young marketing professional from Kalkaji. While some Delhiites were aware, some remained absolutely clueless. “I have many deficiencies apart from just Vitamin D. But Delhi’s heat is such that I can’t imagine sitting in the sun for half an hour. I drink milk every day. Isn’t that enough?” asks Preeti Mishra, a student of JNU. “Doodh se mujhe ulti aati hai. Aur sun tan se darr nahi hai. Tans are sexy! But my laziness does prevent me from going out into the sun,” confesses Priya Pathak, a resident of Sarita Vihar.

Young professionals and students say that they would like to see awareness drives in the city about this problem. “I often have pain in my bones, I am sure I am Vitamin D deficient. But I run a beauty salon from my house – I don’t get a chance to step out before 8pm as I don’t have any people working with me,” says 24-year-old Shima, a resident of GK. “I am a BPO worker. My lifestyle is horrible. I only see the sun on my off day and that’s the day I sleep till evening. I know that I have to start taking supplements before I turn 30,” says Katylene, a 20-year-old call centre employee from Gautam Nagar. Only a small percentage of the city’s population is aware of the hazards of being Vitamin D deficient. Tulsi, a yoga trainer from Mayur Vihar, says, “I had read about it a year ago and I had taken my mother to the doctor as well. We are very conscious about it. I walk out in the sun every day for two hours and my mom also makes sure that she gets some sunlight every day. She sits out in the balcony every day for some time.”

Read More: How to tackle high vitamin D deficiency

Source: Timesofindia.indiatimes.com

Natural Ways to Firm Sagging Skin

By any reasonable standards, sagging and loose skin presents a gaudy sight. It undermines the progress you have made in your weight loss journey. And it adds years to your true age by the explicitly unhealthy sight it makes of your skin.

What can you do to reinvigorate the elasticity in your skin and make it appear firm and youthful?

Drink Water

For more emphasis, I repeat: Drink plenty of water! Water helps skin become firmer, elastic and radiant. The more you hydrate, the better. Water helps the skin regain its elasticity fast, and you’ll see the sagging skin virtually shrinking as you increase your water take. Aim to consume between 6 to 12 glasses of water a day.

Increase your Vitamin C intake

Vitamin C is popular for many things. Even for those, which purportedly it wasn’t meant for it. Vitamin C plays an important role in production of collagen and maintenance of skin elasticity. Collagen is what holds the body together. Found within bones, connective tissues, and in the skin, collagen gives the skin its strength and structure and helps the body replace dead skin cells with newer cells. The excessive stress on the skin due to weight gain stretches it to its elastic limit. Having done so, the endogenously  produced collagen gets strained to a point where it becomes difficult for it to ‘hold’ the skin together. When you shed those pounds, this becomes the reason for skin not returning to its primitive state. When you consume vitamin c, it helps restore the depleted collagen that brings the skin back in place. Aim to consume between 2000 – 5000 mg of vitamin c for the first few weeks. This constitutes a mega dose, but still within the safe limits. Vitamin C is water soluble, so your body will only use the amount it needs while the rest will passed out in urine.

Add Vitamin A, E, D and B to your diet

Vitamin E is another skin friendly vitamin that removes oxidative stress and restores elastin and collagen natural-ways-to-firm-sagging-skin-vitaminswithin your body, so does vitamin A (as beta-carotene), with an added function of producing necessary oils to moisturize the skin. Vitamin D (cholecalciferol) helps regenerate skin cells, optimizes hormonal levels, rectifies the endocrine system and diminishes the likelihood of depression. B-Vitamins have been extensively studied for a whole range of essential bodily functions, among them the repair of cells within the body. You can get all these in a good quality multi-vitamin from any supplement store. Follow the recommended dosage and do not exceed it.

Read More: Natural Ways to Firm Sagging Skin

Source: Gazettereview.com

Diet diary: Greater intake of calcium doesn’t necessarily reduce osteoporosis risk

While calcium is a critical nutrient for the body, particularly known to reduce the risk of osteoporosis, high intake of the mineral doesn’t necessarily lower a person’s risk for osteoporosis. In  fact, excessive calcium may make your bones weaker.

Large Harvard studies of male health professionals and female nurses reported that individuals who drank one glass of milk (or less) per week were at no greater risk of breaking a hip or forearm than those who drank two or more glasses per week. When researchers combined the data from the Harvard studies with other large prospective studies, they still found no association between calcium intake and fracture risk. Moreover, there was some suggestion that calcium supplements taken without vitamin D might even increase the risk of hip fractures.

In traditional Asian countries where both dairy consumption and overall calcium levels in the diet are the lowest, bone fracture rates were also the lowest. The incidence of hip fracture in mainland  China and  Japan  were among the lowest in the world in 80s and 90s, but has risen markedly with urbanisation. Conversely, in countries like the  United States  where calcium consumption is among the highest in the world, so are the fracture rates among the highest. Clearly, its not only calcium in the diet, other nutrients and lifestyle factors are involved.

Osteoporosis is a complex multi-factorial disease including several factors like inadequate exercise, chronic inflammation, multiple mineral and vitamin deficiencies, nutritional imbalances and not simply lack of calcium in the diet.

Calcium sources vary widely in their bio-availability and several factors that affect absorption of calcium include vitamin D, vitamin A, vitamin K, protein, sodium, dietary acidosis, and dysbiosis.

Dietary acidosis reduces calcium absorption. It is caused by excessive consumption of acid forming foods including animal protein, dairy and meat. Additionally, consumption of highly acidic substances like coffee, carbonated drinks, alcohol, sugar, over the counter and prescribed drugs, and even the metabolic byproducts of chronic stress can all put the acid-alkaline balance beyond the tipping point. On the flip-side, the under-consumption of alkalinizing fruits and vegetables can compromise bio-availability of calcium. For this reason, perhaps vegetarians who consume plenty of fruits and vegetables may need less calcium than meat eaters and many cultures manage on much lower intakes.

Other factors like dysbiosis, an over growth of unfriendly bacteria in the gut due to certain medications or faulty diets can compromise absorption of nutrients including calcum. Many common medicines including antacids, steroids, thyroxine, diuretics interfere with calcium metabolism.

Consumption of excessive calcium through diary products, supplements and imbalanced diets may be making our bones weaker. In addition excess calcium can deposit into soft tissues, leading to osteoarthritis, muscle cramping, insomnia, constipation or kidney stones. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation must be taken under medical supervision.

For optimal utilisation of calcium, it is important to take adequate levels of nutrients including vitamin D, phosphorus, zinc, manganese, magnesium, and boron, together with exercise. Vitamin D can be obtained either through exposure to sunlight, or as a supplement.  In other words there is no substitute to eating right and exercising. Calcium rich foods and supplements alone will not prevent osteoporosis.

– See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/health/diet-diary-re-thinking-calcium-osteoporosis-beliefs/#sthash.bvTJcKIg.dpuf

Read More: Diet diary: Greater intake of calcium doesn’t necessarily reduce osteoporosis risk

Source: Diet Diary

Mankind Pharma’s ‘D3 Must Campaign’ promotes for stronger bones

Mankind Pharma has taken the initiative to spread awareness about the importance of having strong bones, among the mass. The company has been championing this cause with their specialised ‘D3must Campaign’ across the country by reaching out to various schools, institutes and corporates. The company has conducted more than 250 awareness camps ‘D3 MUST’. Through a series of educational as well as awareness seminars, Mankind Pharma is highlighting the hazardous effects of insufficient levels of vitamin D3 on one’s health.

Sheetal Arora, Marketing Director, Mankind Pharma, said, “Initiating the Vitamin D3 deficiency awareness drive across various educational institutes and corporates, is aimed at generating knowledge of having Vitamin D3 in proper amount. A lack of vitamin D does not just affect your bones, but poses more serious problems when neglected. These awareness seminars will help the masses to relate to the importance of having strong bones and ways to keep it healthy till ages.’’

Read More: Mankind Pharma’s ‘D3 Must Campaign’ promotes for stronger bones

Source: Financialexpress.com

Vitamin D deficiency increases vulnerability to diseases

The Indian Medical Association today cautioned about the health risks caused by Vitamin D deficiency and called for a mass awareness drive to sensitise public to the issue.

Vitamin D deficiency is a hidden ailment which can have a serious long-term impact on a person’s health making them vulnerable to diseases such as heart attacks, diabetes, and cancer, a Continuing Medical Education (CME), organised by IMA here, observed.

The CME was an initiative under IMA’s Rise and Shine campaign and was attended by over 50 leading doctors in the city to discuss the various health threats faced by the Indian population due to Vitamin D deficiency, a release said here.

The campaign is a National movement aimed at sensitizing IMA’s 2.5 lakh members across 30 states and 1700 branches over the next two years about the need to raise awareness about Vitamin D deficiency.

Dr A Marthanda Pillai, the National President of IMA said most people in the country are unaware that they are Vitamin D deficient.

“The deficiency of Vitamin D has been identified as a risk factor for various cardiovascular ailments such as ischemic heart diseases, congestive heart failure, heart attacks and strokes,” he said.

For the next two years, the IMA Rise & Shine campaign would raise awareness about Vitamin D deficiency, he said.

Consultant endocrinologist Dr Mathew John said, “There is abundance of sunshine in the country, but still around 80-90 per cent of people suffer from Vitamin D deficiency. The reason for this is the sun-shy behavior of Indians, a predominantly vegetarian diet, long stressful working hours in closed spaces and a genetic pre-disposition.”

He also said in the long run a National policy on food fortification is a must and the government must study and evaluate the success seen in countries like the US and Canada in dealing with the Vitamin D epedemic.

Dr Ambrish Mittal, Chairman, Metabolic Disorders & Endocrinology, Medanta, however, cautioned that any intake of Vitamin D supplements should be under medical supervision as an overdose can induce Vitamin D toxicity that can be fatal for patients.

The IMA initiated Rise and Shine campaign in addition to conducting CMEs and soft skill training workshops across 128 cities.

Read More: Vitamin D deficiency increases vulnerability to diseases

Source: Economictimes.indiatimes.com

Vitamin D deficiency incrases vulnerability to diseases

The Indian Medical Association today cautioned about the health risks caused by Vitamin D deficiency and called for a mass awareness drive to sensitise public to the issue.

Vitamin D deficiency is a hidden ailment which can have a serious long-term impact on a person’s health making them vulnerable to diseases such as heart attacks, diabetes, and cancer, a Continuing Medical Education (CME), organised by IMA here, observed.

The CME was an initiative under IMA’s Rise and Shine campaign and was attended by over 50 leading doctors in the city to discuss the various health threats faced by the Indian population due to Vitamin D deficiency, a release said here.

The campaign is a National movement aimed at sensitizing IMA’s 2.5 lakh members across 30 states and 1700 branches over the next two years about the need to raise awareness about Vitamin D deficiency.

Dr A Marthanda Pillai, the National President of IMA said most people in the country are unaware that they are Vitamin D deficient.

“The deficiency of Vitamin D has been identified as a risk factor for various cardiovascular ailments such as ischemic heart diseases, congestive heart failure, heart attacks and strokes,” he said.

For the next two years, the IMA Rise & Shine campaign would raise awareness about Vitamin D deficiency, he said.

Consultant endocrinologist Dr Mathew John said, “There is abundance of sunshine in the country, but still around 80-90 per cent of people suffer from Vitamin D deficiency. The reason for this is the sun-shy behavior of Indians, a predominantly vegetarian diet, long stressful working hours in closed spaces and a genetic pre-disposition.”

He also said in the long run a National policy on food fortification is a must and the government must study and evaluate the success seen in countries like the US and Canada in dealing with the Vitamin D epedemic.

Dr Ambrish Mittal, Chairman, Metabolic Disorders & Endocrinology, Medanta, however, cautioned that any intake of Vitamin D supplements should be under medical supervision as an overdose can induce Vitamin D toxicity that can be fatal for patients.

The IMA initiated Rise and Shine campaign in addition to conducting CMEs and soft skill training workshops across 128 cities.

Read more: Vitamin D deficiency incrases vulnerability to diseases

Source: Business-standard.com

Vitamin D Deficiency Increases Vulnerability to Diseases

The Indian Medical Association today cautioned about the health risks caused by Vitamin D deficiency and called for a mass awareness drive to sensitise public to the issue.

Vitamin D deficiency is a hidden ailment which can have a serious long-term impact on a person’s health making them vulnerable to diseases such as heart attacks, diabetes, and cancer, a Continuing Medical Education (CME), organised by IMA here, observed.

The CME was an initiative under IMA’s Rise and Shine campaign and was attended by over 50 leading doctors in the city to discuss the various health threats faced by the Indian population due to Vitamin D deficiency, a release said here.

The campaign is a National movement aimed at sensitizing IMA’s 2.5 lakh members across 30 states and 1700 branches over the next two years about the need to raise awareness about Vitamin D deficiency.

Dr A Marthanda Pillai, the National President of IMA said most people in the country are unaware that they are Vitamin D deficient.

“The deficiency of Vitamin D has been identified as a risk factor for various cardiovascular ailments such as ischemic heart diseases, congestive heart failure, heart attacks and strokes,” he said.

For the next two years, the IMA Rise & Shine campaign would raise awareness about Vitamin D deficiency, he said.

Consultant endocrinologist Dr Mathew John said, “There is abundance of sunshine in the country, but still around 80-90 per cent of people suffer from Vitamin D deficiency. The reason for this is the sun-shy behavior of Indians, a predominantly vegetarian diet, long stressful working hours in closed spaces and a genetic pre-disposition.”

He also said in the long run a National policy on food fortification is a must and the government must study and evaluate the success seen in countries like the US and Canada in dealing with the Vitamin D epedemic.

Dr Ambrish Mittal, Chairman, Metabolic Disorders & Endocrinology, Medanta, however, cautioned that any intake of Vitamin D supplements should be under medical supervision as an overdose can induce Vitamin D toxicity that can be fatal for patients.

The IMA initiated Rise and Shine campaign in addition to conducting CMEs and soft skill training workshops across 128 cities.

Read more: Vitamin D Deficiency Increases Vulnerability to Diseases

Source: Newindianexpress.com